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Raghav Chadha Eye Surgery News: AAP MP Raghav Chadha to undergo vitrectomy in London to prevent retinal detachment: Know what it is | – Times of India

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Aam Aadmi Party’s Raghav Chadha will undergo vitrectomy in London to prevent retinal detachment in his eye, PTI reported on Saturday citing party sources. “AAP Rajya Sabha MP Raghav Chadha will undergo a vitrectomy surgery in the United Kingdom to prevent the eye’s retinal detachment, party sources said on Saturday,” the news agency reported.
“Raghav Chadha has undergone major eye surgery in the UK.It is said that his condition was serious and there was a possibility of blindness. As soon as he gets better, he will come back to India and join us in the election campaigning,” says Delhi Minister and AAP leader Saurabh Bharadwaj told PTI.

What is retinal detachment?

Retinal detachment is a serious eye condition where the retina, the light-sensitive tissue lining the back of the eye, pulls away from its normal position. This separation can disrupt the blood supply and nutrient flow to the retina, leading to vision loss if not promptly treated.
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Symptoms of retinal detachment may include sudden onset of floaters (spots or specks in the field of vision), flashes of light, and a curtain-like shadow or veil descending over the visual field. Prompt medical attention is essential to prevent permanent vision loss.

How is it treated?

Retinal detachment is treated through surgical procedures such as vitrectomy, scleral buckling, or pneumatic retinopexy to reattach the retina and restore vision.
Vitrectomy is a surgical procedure used to treat various eye conditions affecting the vitreous humor, a gel-like substance that fills the interior of the eye. This procedure involves the removal of some or all of the vitreous humor from the eye, along with any underlying tissue or debris, to restore or improve vision. Vitrectomy is commonly performed to address conditions such as retinal detachment, diabetic retinopathy, macular holes, epiretinal membranes, and vitreous hemorrhage.
The procedure is typically performed by a vitreoretinal surgeon in an operating room under local or general anesthesia, depending on the patient’s condition and preferences. During vitrectomy, small incisions are made in the eye to insert specialized instruments, including a vitrectomy probe, cutter, and light source. These instruments allow the surgeon to carefully remove the vitreous humor while maintaining the integrity of the surrounding structures.
One of the primary indications for vitrectomy is retinal detachment, a serious condition where the retina detaches from the back of the eye, leading to vision loss if left untreated. Vitrectomy helps reattach the retina by removing any tractional forces exerted by the vitreous humor on the retina and repairing any tears or holes in the retinal tissue. Additionally, vitrectomy may be combined with other procedures such as scleral buckling or gas or silicone oil tamponade to support the retina and promote its reattachment.
Diabetic retinopathy, a complication of diabetes characterized by damage to the blood vessels in the retina, can also be treated with vitrectomy. In cases where there is significant bleeding or scar tissue formation in the vitreous cavity, vitrectomy may be necessary to clear the blood and debris, reduce traction on the retina, and improve oxygen and nutrient delivery to the retina.

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Macular holes, which are defects in the macula, the central part of the retina responsible for sharp, central vision, can be repaired through vitrectomy. The procedure involves peeling the abnormal tissue surrounding the macular hole, allowing the retina to flatten and the hole to close. This can improve or restore central vision in affected individuals.
Epiretinal membranes, also known as macular puckers, are thin, fibrous membranes that form on the surface of the retina, distorting vision. Vitrectomy can be used to remove these membranes and restore normal retinal architecture, improving visual clarity.
Vitreous hemorrhage, characterized by bleeding into the vitreous cavity, can occur due to various underlying causes such as diabetic retinopathy, retinal tears, or vascular abnormalities. Vitrectomy may be performed to remove the blood and identify and treat the underlying cause of the hemorrhage.

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